Gatorade changed UF forever
By Joseph Kays

Like so much of science, the invention of Gatorade 50 years ago seems to have happened by magic, as if the whole story could be told in a 90-second television commercial narrated by Keith Jackson.

But a closer look at the copious amounts of data Dr. Robert Cade and his colleagues recorded by hand as they sought to understand the physiological changes Gator football players were experiencing in the hot, humid Florida summer reveals the science behind the magic.

In small, concise script across yellow ledger paper, the researchers recorded ambient temperature and humidity, sodium and glucose levels, plasma and potassium volume, and times in the mile and 880-yard run.

The results were eye-opening. The players’ electrolytes were completely out of balance, their blood sugar was low and their total blood volume was low.

In those days before computers, Dr. Cade and his research fellows recorded all their data on ledger paper.

The impact on the body of this upheaval in chemistry was profound.

“Each of these conditions, by itself, would to some extent incapacitate a player,” Cade said. “Put them all together and you can have real problems.”

With hard data in hand, Cade’s team began pursuing a remedy.

“The solution,” Cade said, “was to give them water, but with salt in it to replace the salt they were losing in sweat. Also, give them sugar to keep their blood sugar up, but not so much sugar that it would upset their stomachs.”

By all accounts, the first batch tasted so bad none of the scientists could stomach it, but when Cade’s wife, Mary, suggested adding lemon juice, the drink that would soon become known as Gatorade was born.

The Gators saw the results on the field immediately, often coming from behind to win games, and in time so did athletes on other teams and in other sports.


University of Florida faculty have been conducting scientific experiments since the university’s earliest days — in agriculture, engineering, medicine and many other fields — but the experiments Cade’s team conducted in 1965 have had an oversized impact on the university in the intervening half century.

The more than $250 million in royalties Gatorade has brought to the university have helped to fund thousands of research projects, often providing seed money to faculty who were then able to leverage it into millions more in grants from public and private agencies.

Heisman Trophy winner and longtime Gator coach Steve Spurrier drinks Gatorade from a milk carton on the sidelines during a game in 1966, the year that Gatorade became a staple on the Gators’ sideline.

Indeed, many of the UF faculty who brought a record $702 million in research awards to the university last year have benefitted from Gatorade support.

“These funds have allowed us to be competitive with some of the top schools in the country in terms of preparing ourselves with infrastructure, making strategic investments and recruiting high-end researchers in a way that would not have occurred otherwise,” says UF Vice President for Research David Norton.

Gatorade’s success has also inspired generations of scientists to think about how their discoveries could be transferred to the marketplace.

UF entomologist Nan-Yao Su credits Cade for providing him with the inspiration to pursue a new treatment for termites that became the Sentricon Termite Colony Elimination System. Since its introduction in 1995, Sentricon has protected millions of buildings and generated more than $40 million in royalties.

“Gatorade and Sentricon are sort of linked together now, not just because they were both invented at UF and were very successful products, but because Dr. Cade inspired a lot of people, including myself,” Su says.

Gatorade also inspired university leaders to pursue technology transfer aggressively and today UF is consistently ranked among the top institutions in the world at moving discoveries into the marketplace.

“We had a head start on much of the community because of Gatorade and what that invention meant to us,” Norton says.

Over the past 12 years UF has launched more than 160 biomedical and technology startups. According to the Association of University Technology Managers, in 2013 UF ranked sixth in the nation with 16 startups launched and eighth for US patents issued with 107.

Gatorade has also helped to support UF’s two business incubators. The Florida Innovation Hub at UF has contributed to the creation of hundreds of jobs in just its first four years and the Sid Martin Biotechnology Incubator was recently ranked “World’s Best University Biotechnology Incubator,” based on an extensive analysis of 150 incubators in 22 countries.

“We’re moving the cutting-edge research generated at the university from the laboratory to the market, where it helps people in their daily lives,” Norton says. “Outside the lab, these inventions can make the world a better place.”

This article was originally featured in the Summer 2015 issue of Explore Magazine.

冈本下载app视频免费最新 fi11含羞草下载app 麻豆传媒下载app 豆奶下载app 年轻人片下载app 小姐姐直播app下载 富二代f2短视频下载app 可乐视频下载app视频免费最新 JAV名优馆app下载 花样视频下载app swag台湾app下载 小天仙直播app下载 香草成视频人app下载 富二代f2短视频app下载 草莓下载app 繁花直播app下载 咪哒直播下载app 橙子视频下载app 成版人短视频下载app 朵朵直播app下载 名优馆下载app 6房间视频直播下载app 酷咪直播app下载 西瓜直播app下载 97豆奶视频app下载 小优app下载 草鱼下载app 光棍影院app下载 泡芙短视频下载app 草榴短视频下载app 浪浪视频下载app视频免费最新 小宝贝直播下载app 草榴视频下载app视频免费最新 香蕉app下载 烟花巷直播app下载 望月app下载 草榴直播下载app视频免费最新 朵朵直播下载app 小喵直播下载app 小喵直播下载app 咪哒下载app 榴莲视频app下载 丝瓜视频污app下载 豆奶短视频app下载 七秒鱼直播app下载 冈本视频app下载 91直播app下载 免费黃色直播app下载 花心视频app下载 云雨直播app下载 享受直播下载app 樱花直播下载app 妖妖直播下载app 番茄直播app下载 鲍鱼视频下载app视频免费最新 花秀神器下载app 向日葵视频app下载 小蝌蚪视频下载app 久草视频下载app视频免费最新 逗趣直播下载app bobo直播app下载 小奶狗视频app下载 咪咪直播下载app 圣女直播下载app视频免费最新 草榴直播下载app视频免费最新 午夜神器下载app 云上花下载app 梦幻直播app下载 迷雾直播app下载 大小姐直播下载app 大小姐直播下载app 冈本下载app视频免费最新 啪嗒视频下载app 杏花直播app下载 大象视频下载app视频免费最新 小草视频app下载 樱桃app下载 草榴直播下载app 啪嗒视频下载app 草榴视频下载app视频免费最新 草莓直播app下载 佳丽直播下载app 黄瓜视频人下载app 黄鱼视频下载app视频免费最新 小草视频下载app 富二代短视频下载app 小优下载app 丝瓜下载app 丝瓜下载app 压寨直播下载app 小可爱app下载 芭乐下载app 梦幻直播下载app 牛牛视频下载app 香蕉下载app 米老鼠直播下载app 草鱼下载app 榴莲视频app下载 91视频app下载 花友直播app下载 皮卡丘直播下载app 黄瓜视频人app下载 夜魅直播app下载 花心下载app 午夜神器app下载 免费黃色直播app下载 陌秀直播下载app 嘿嘿连载下载app视频免费最新 Avboboapp下载 草莓下载app 盘他app下载 媚妹秀app下载 杏花直播下载app 好嗨哟直播app下载 比心下载app 金屋藏娇直播间app下载 妖妖直播app下载 圣女直播下载app 冈本下载app 光棍影院app下载 米老鼠直播app下载 黄鱼视频下载app 妖妖直播下载app 彩云直播下载app 91香蕉视频下载app 彩云直播下载app 小宝贝直播下载app 花样视频下载app 梦鹿直播下载app 小可爱app下载 红娘直播下载app 夜遇直播号下载app 污软件下载app视频免费最新 可乐视频下载app 小奶狗视频下载app 年华直播下载app 红娘直播app下载 麻豆传媒直播下载app 咪哒下载app 烟花巷app下载 69视频app下载 花心社区下载app 91直播下载app 灭火卫视app下载 丝瓜下载app 柠檬直播下载app视频免费最新 后宫视频下载app视频免费最新 薰衣草直播下载app 铁牛下载app 玉米视频下载app 七仙女直播app下载 菠萝蜜视频下载app 性直播下载app 夜狼直播下载app 花粥直播下载app 橙子直播app下载 小姐姐直播下载app 迷雾直播下载app BB直播下载app 91香蕉下载app 6房间视频直播app下载 秀色直播app下载 水蜜桃下载app 爱爱视频app下载 月亮直播下载app 咪咪直播app下载 初恋直播下载app 蘑菇视频app下载 探探直播app下载 9uu下载app视频免费最新 69热下载app 云雨直播下载app 91香蕉下载app 盘她s直播app下载 媚妹秀app下载 蝶恋花直播app下载 本色视频app下载 成版人短视频app下载 圣女直播下载app 夜猫视频下载app 福利直播下载app视频免费最新 久草视频下载app 成版人快手app下载 趣播app下载 蓝精灵直播app下载 考拉直播下载app 小狐仙视频下载app 卡哇伊直播app下载 豆奶视频下载app视频免费最新 小花螺直播app下载 小狐仙下载app 6房间视频直播app下载 樱花app下载 压寨直播app下载 和欢视频app下载 红高粱直播app下载 酷咪直播下载app 比心直播app下载 野花视频app下载 s8视频下载app 9uu下载app 后宫下载app视频免费最新 逗趣直播app下载 小狐仙视频下载app 黄瓜视频人app下载 么么直播app下载 卖肉直播app下载 彩色直播下载app 含羞草视频下载app Avbobo下载app 粉色视频app下载 蘑菇视频下载app 花姿下载app视频免费最新 BB直播下载app 比心直播app下载 7秒鱼app下载 猫咪软件下载app 色秀直播app下载 梦露直播app下载 夏娃直播下载app视频免费最新 套路直播下载app 月夜直播下载app 繁花直播下载app 水蜜桃下载app 小奶狗下载app 千层浪下载app A头条下载app 富二代下载app 污直播下载app 成版人短视频app下载 小狐仙视频app下载 6房间视频直播app下载 秀色小抖音app下载 最污直播下载app 青青草app下载 小猪视频下载app 花狐狸直播app下载 春水堂app下载 麻豆传媒直播下载app 小奶猫下载app 草榴视频下载app视频免费最新 成人快手下载app 烟花直播下载app BB直播app下载 富二代f2短视频下载app 午夜直播间下载app Avnight下载app 久草下载app 骚虎直播下载app 花样视频下载app视频免费最新 丝瓜视频污下载app Avboboapp下载 合欢视频app下载 牛牛视频下载app视频免费最新 食色短视频app下载 美梦视频下载app视频免费最新 棉花糖直播app下载 泡芙视频app下载 花姿下载app视频免费最新 台湾swagapp下载 卖肉直播下载app 依恋直播下载app 夜狼直播下载app 彩色直播下载app 蝶恋花app下载 探花直播下载app 压寨直播下载app视频免费最新 秀色小抖音app下载 草莓视频下载app 千层浪视频下载app 火辣直播app下载 月光宝盒直播app下载 青青草app下载 猛虎视频app下载 月光直播app下载 丝瓜视频下载app 后宫视频下载app视频免费最新 黄鱼视频下载app JOJO直播app下载 套路直播下载app 久草下载app 花样视频app下载 后宫下载app 杏花直播下载app 棉花糖直播下载app 名优馆下载app 水仙直播下载app 烟花巷直播app下载 豆奶短视频app下载 小宝贝直播下载app 小姐姐直播下载app 米老鼠直播下载app 葡萄视频下载app 盘她直播app下载 91香蕉下载app 猛虎直播app下载 抖阴下载app 久草下载app视频免费最新 9uuapp下载 Huluwa下载app 小米粒直播app下载 猫咪视频下载app 蜜桃app下载 薰衣草直播app下载 水晶直播下载app 雨云直播下载app 雨燕直播app下载 ML聚合直播下载app 冈本app下载 梦幻直播app下载 9uu下载app 花粥直播下载app 尤蜜app下载 笔芯直播下载app 蜜橙视频app下载 黄鱼视频下载app 烟花直播下载app 菠萝菠萝蜜视频下载app 橘子视频下载app 七秒鱼直播下载app 小公主直播app下载 茄子直播app下载 蜜橙视频下载app 丝瓜视频污app下载 彩云直播app下载 向日葵视频app下载 小优app下载 冈本视频下载app MM直播app下载 恋人直播app下载 可乐视频app下载 骚虎直播app下载 花姿下载app视频免费最新 快狐短视频下载app 成版人抖音富二代下载app视频免费最新 富二代f2短视频下载app 免费黃色直播下载app 老王视频app下载 AVnight下载app 趣播下载app 仙人掌下载app 冈本下载app 樱桃直播app下载 快猫短视频app下载 豆奶视频下载app视频免费最新 云上花直播下载app 陌秀直播下载app 花样视频下载app 卡哇伊app下载 快播破解下载app 豆奶短视频下载app 灭火卫视下载app视频免费最新 黄瓜视频下载app 性直播下载app 麻豆传媒直播app下载 朵朵直播app下载 媚妹秀app下载 柠檬视频下载app 恋夜秀场app下载 蓝颜app下载 蓝颜下载app 豆奶视频app下载 污直播下载app 微杏下载app 合欢视频app下载 薰衣草直播下载app 小公主直播app下载 咪哒下载app 小草视频下载app 小猪视频下载app 铁牛app下载 圣女直播app下载 91香蕉app下载 花友直播下载app 香草成视频人下载app 夜夜直播下载app 鲍鱼视频app下载 蝶恋花下载app视频免费最新 污直播app下载 趣播app下载 左手视频下载app 花姬直播下载app 91直播app下载 芭乐下载app 9uu下载app 笔芯直播app下载 杏趣直播app下载 小奶猫下载app 卖肉直播下载app 浪浪视频下载app视频免费最新 微啪下载app avgo下载app 猫咪视频app下载 小狐仙直播下载app 樱花雨直播app下载 烟花直播app下载 望月下载app 豌豆直播下载app 小天仙直播app下载 芭乐视频app下载 月光直播app下载 iavbobo下载app 蝶恋花下载app视频免费最新 年华直播app下载 久草下载app视频免费最新 番茄社区app下载 iavbobo下载app 黄色直播软件app下载 小奶狗app下载 成版人短视频下载app 榴莲视频app下载 小奶狗下载app 榴莲视频app下载 葫芦娃视频app下载 冈本下载app视频免费最新 鲍鱼视频app下载 蝶恋花app下载 午夜直播间下载app 香草视频app下载 冈本下载app 杏趣直播下载app 梦鹿直播app下载 红杏视频下载app视频免费最新 蓝颜app下载 套路直播下载app 秀儿直播下载app 食色短视频下载app 富二代f2app下载 7秒鱼直播下载app 七秒鱼下载app 一对一直播下载app fi11含羞草下载app视频免费最新 丝瓜草莓视频app下载 食色app下载 蓝精灵直播下载app 梦幻直播app下载 向日葵视频下载app 鲍鱼视频下载app 橘子直播下载app 蓝精灵直播下载app 依恋直播app下载 卡哇伊app下载 遇见直播下载app 陌秀直播app下载 久草下载app 成版人音色短视频下载app BB直播app下载 内裤直播下载app视频免费最新 水晶直播app下载 Kitty直播app下载 四虎下载app视频免费最新 火爆社区app下载 杏吧直播下载app 水晶直播下载app 千层浪下载app 快喵app下载 考拉直播app下载 福利直播下载app 尤蜜视频下载app 佳丽直播视频下载app 遇见直播下载app 蓝精灵直播app下载 小优下载app 泡泡直播下载app 云上花直播下载app 夜遇直播号下载app 麻豆传媒直播app下载 菠萝蜜app下载 红娘直播app下载 含羞草视频app下载 小狐仙视频app下载 大象视频app下载 咪咪直播app下载 午夜神器app下载 十里桃花直播app下载 美梦视频下载app 小奶狗视频app下载 小姐姐直播下载app 丝瓜视频污下载app 木瓜app下载 木瓜视频下载app ML聚合app下载 蚪音下载app 卡哇伊app下载 麻豆传媒直播app下载 蜜橙视频app下载 豆奶视频app下载 铁牛下载app 柠檬视频app下载 乐购直播app下载 彩云直播下载app 红娘直播app下载 成版人快手下载app 久草app下载 大象视频下载app视频免费最新 菠萝蜜视频下载app 主播大秀app下载 笔芯直播app下载 污直播app下载 BB直播下载app 铁牛app下载 探探直播app下载 iAVBOBOapp下载 乐购直播app下载 本色视频app下载 Kitty直播下载app 丝瓜视频下载app视频免费最新 酷咪直播下载app 猫咪视频下载app 7秒鱼直播app下载 猫咪视频下载app A头条app下载 火爆社区下载app视频免费最新 考拉直播下载app 水仙直播app下载 萝卜视频下载app视频免费最新 陌秀直播下载app 大秀直播下载app 依恋直播app下载 猛虎直播app下载 小草视频下载app 卡哇伊下载app 久草视频app下载 橙子视频app下载 花椒直播app下载 夏娃直播下载app 云上花下载app 草榴直播app下载 年华直播下载app health2下载app JOJO直播下载app 番茄视频app下载 香草成视频人app下载 七仙女直播app下载 大番号下载app 灭火卫视下载app视频免费最新 冈本视频app下载 小狐仙视频下载app视频免费最新 6房间视频直播app下载 老王视频下载app 遇见直播app下载 咪咪直播app下载 柚子直播下载app Huluwaapp下载 swag台湾下载app 牛牛视频app下载 暖暖直播app下载 云上花下载app 铁牛app下载 丝瓜视频污下载app 小v视频下载app视频免费最新 微啪下载app 火辣直播下载app 水晶直播app下载 烟花巷下载app 朵朵直播下载app 斗艳直播下载app 尤蜜下载app 午夜直播间app下载 茄子直播下载app 快喵app下载 梦露直播下载app 大秀直播下载app 免费黃色直播app下载 七仙女直播下载app 享爱直播app下载 咪咪直播app下载 丝瓜下载app health2下载app ML聚合直播下载app 香草成视频人下载app 猫咪软件下载app 秀色直播app下载 柠檬视频app下载 七仙女直播app下载 黄瓜视频人app下载 菠萝菠萝蜜视频下载app 黄瓜下载app 富二代f2抖音app下载 BB直播下载app 可乐视频下载app 香草视频app下载 荔枝下载app 妖妖直播app下载 富二代短视频下载app AVnightapp下载 红娘直播下载app 嘿嘿连载app下载 花狐狸直播app下载 薰衣草直播app下载 f2富二代下载app 芭乐视频下载app 葡萄视频app下载 彩色直播下载app 小草莓下载app 光棍影院下载app 探花直播app下载 黄色直播软件app下载 小姐姐直播app下载 乐购直播下载app 花姿下载app 铁牛下载app 富二代f2短视频下载app 薰衣草直播下载app 花狐狸直播下载app 红颜app下载